The two primary types of medical devices used in a spinal fusion surgery include pedicle screws and anterior interbody cages or spacers when it has been determined that a spine fusion is appropriate the surgical technique utilized may vary. Minimally invasive techniques are now the preferred method for spine surgery because the incision is much smaller causing less damage to surrounding muscles pain is usually greatly reduced and recovery time is faster this book is a practical guide to minimally invasive diagnostic and surgical techniques for spine operations. Endoscopic spine surgery is a modern minimally invasive approach to treating conditions that would traditionally be treated as an open surgery candidate instead of requiring the surgeon to make a large incision and cut his or her way into the problem it is visualized with more precision on a monitor and with the use of an endoscope. Minimally invasive spine surgeries in minimally invasive spine surgery as well as endoscopic procedures a smaller incision is made sometimes only a half inch in length or by using a tool called an endoscope. Similarly spinal surgery techniques have advanced to the point where some procedures involve incisions less than 1 inch many modern techniques can be described as minimally invasive surgery or mis for some patients a minimally invasive procedure may be a better surgical option than a traditional or open spinal surgery
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